Saturday, July 14, 2012

Volume 65. Number 2/2009

Bold N., a lecturer, Academy of Management. “Contemporary directions, trends and practices in administrative reform”
A number of Western developed countries initiated administrative reform programs during the 1980’s. It could be said that the nature and scope of their reform interventions were aimed at accumulating knowledge and experience in creating new public management. A distinct need was felt more than ever before to transform existing public administration practices; and many viewpoints were formed and studies were carried out by scientists, researchers and professors to improve and reorganize the governments. These administrative reforms created a socio-economic sustainability and led to remarkable development outcomes. Let us discuss with this article about fair and transparent administration; electronic government; professional public administration practices of many world nations.
Tumendelger S., a lecturer of Mongolian State University of Education, (PhD), Delgermaa Ch., Researcher at the Center for Human Rights and Development, (MA). “Foundations of quality study theory”
In this article, I examine the theoretical basics of the qualitative research approach based on some main ideas of social theoretical approaches. The theoretical lenses of the qualitative research range from broad perspectives such as social ontological, and epistemological and ideological perspectives. 
Positivist approach is theoretical lenses for the quantitative research while other approaches such as interpretive sociology, critical theory, postmodernism and feminism are conceptual frameworks of the qualitative research. Above mentioned approaches provide one more guide to see social reality and study it.

Ulziibayar V., a lecturer, Academy of Management. “Some issues in leadership theory”
Leadership is the key to success, change and innovation for any organization. Recognizing this, all managers today wish to develop their leadership skills; however, most of them simply lack knowledge of leadership theory. In particular, Mongolian managers, who have been exposed to the world of international management theory and practice only recently, less than just 20 years ago, are in need of such knowledge and information. To add to this, most university programs on management in the past emphasized only on managerial development leaving behind the leadership development.
This article describes about interesting issues related to leadership theory, its definition, and differences between a manager and a leader; and makes an effort to explain to the readers how transformational leadership, one of the latest most powerful leadership models, and transactional leadership model work. 

Oyunchimeg D., a lecturer of Professor’s Management Team of CSMS, MUST. “Organizational development – Benchmarking”
Human beings always strive to create new and interesting things and introduce them effectively in their lives. By doing so, they can gain fame and success, but we all know that “life is full of competition”. Instead of developing a brand new idea, you can present someone else’s more effectively than he did, you can obviously gain greater success than he did. As a matter of fact, many world famous scientists and researchers reached fame likewise. In other words, if someone had made some profit before you from producing paper birds, you should learn to see that you can make even more profits by producing paper planes. This is what we call benchmarking.

Gerelt-Od E, a lecturer of the Department of Political Studies and Sociology of the Mongolian State University of Education. “Some issues of Internal Party Democracy”
In this article I should show the logic that applies to the system of democracy should apply also, it is argued, to the internal affairs of the political party organizations themselves. Just as political party members should be participated on the internal decision making process such as entitled to select and to reject their leaders, office-holders, and candidates for public office. There are two main arguments, one theoretical, the other practical. Contemporary research Institutions and scholars were developed an indicators of internal party democracy. These three successful parties share some characteristics: (1) high institutionalization and activity level, (2) dominance of loyalty to party ideas, (3) clearly indicated party principles, (4) strong internal communication, (5) diversified representation (e.g. women), (6) clearly defined procedures to select party leader, (7) decentralized organization. Also many scholars would argue against that best democratic legal environment has support internal democracy within political parties. That is theoretical and empirical issues of contemporary democracy and party study.
Key words: democracy, political party, internal party democracy, legal environment.

Munkhbat. S, a lecturer of National University of Mongolia. “The core issues of political party’s organization in Mongolia“
Many recent discussions of the decline of party are predicated on the assumption that the mass-party model is the only model for parties. We contend that this assumption misconceived, that the mass-party model is only one, temporally limited and contingent model, and that it is necessary to differentiate notions of adaptation and change from notion of decline or failure. My analysis of how new models of party can be located in terms of democtatic transition in Mongolia. The contemporary party’s development has witnessed the emergence of a new model of party. Fof example. Cath-all party and Cartel party. Finally, I defined that the recent challenge to party is in fact a challenges to the Mongolian parties.
Key words: party organization, mass party, catch-all party,cartel party, interest aggregation, reform of party organization, formation of new party model.

Unurtsetseg O., a lecturer, Mongolian State University of Education. “Forms of legal services for human rights protection”

The following recommendations are forwarded:
  • Study the theory and practice on forms of legal services of human rights protection,
  • Determine the characteristics and importance of legal services being conducted in USA,
  • Apply the above in the situation of the country

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