Saturday, July 14, 2012

Volume 63. Number 4/2008

Ch. Tamir, policy-researcher, a tutor of Mongolian University, “Women’ quota and civil democracy”
Mongolia needs reforms. We have to start to take a lot of steps for political reforms – proportional system, women quota, non-membership party and non-Party public servants. I would not say that being in political platform women will change everything completely, but I hope it will be the one of plenty of works which will reform the political system.
D. Bold-Erdene, chief of Sector in charge of the Institute of Philosophy, Sociology and Law of Academy of Sciences, professor, “Some issues of Mongolian Parties’ forming”
The parties are the inseparable element of political system of the society. The parties have connected and made coherent the masses with the Authority’s relations and at the same time they have been the main support of state activities. A party is the special subject of political democracy and the support of the democratic state.
Our researchers have expressed their attitudes toward present situation of Mongolian parties’ forming process. For example, some researchers have considered that there aren’t democratically formed parties in Mongolia. However, there are “oligarchic groupings” named parties and being under financial and business groups’ domination and expressing their tight interests. Next researchers have thought that Mongolian parties haven’t become formed yet and it’s not possible to relate them to any type of parties. Others have decided that the Mongolian parties’ forming process has been held and but it has had some difficulties in growth and has been increasing slowly and complicatedly.
E. Gerelt-Od, a tutor of Mongolian Educational University,
“The role and strategy of the party in Mongolian anti-corruption struggle”
Facts of the international and domestic research organizations have confirmed that corruption in Mongolia as in post-socialist country touches upon virtually all aspects of life: social, economic, political and mental. It means there isn’t clear policy on anti-corruption struggle in our country. Although citizens and politicians do discuss about anti-corruption struggle there is no action and also no clear policy on it. The party based on initiative of the masses and strived for the authority as a political institute with specific functions and activities has become the kernel of corruption interface. Therefore I wanted to express my opinions on the responsibilities and strategies of political parties for realizing anti-corruption initiative and effective policy.

N. Bold – a tutor of the Management Academy
“Administration reforms tendency and problems of the developing countries”
Supporting and refuting disputes concerning management principles of State administration have been increasing in the developing countries. M. Holmes and D. Shand have confirmed that “main principles of administration reforms are the same in all  developing countries”. (Holmes and Shand, 1995, p.577) Minogue has considered that “the complicated reforms such as market control and domestic market can exist only in the developed economy”. (Minogue, 1998, p.34)

Ch. Tamir – a tutor of Mongolian University, “The members of Political Bureau: an ascent and a downfall”
It’s important to study and classify the discrepant conclusions of research works for Mongolian social and political system in socialist time and to define more exactly the facts concerning historical period. These works were based on the sources and researches –great creative works of our historians and done by arithmetical method which is used in sociological survey and by content analysis and simple human biography and were dedicated for historical discussion. It’s necessary to say that the base research works (J. Boldbaatar, 2004) and (Ch. Boldbaatar, 2004) have made a valuable contribution to historical science.
This part of our research is aimed at Mongolian historical period – from 1940 to 1990 - 50 years of political elites. Next three parts of research were done for it. First of all the historical facts of this period were investigated by content analysis and were compared by arithmetical method after general conclusion. Second, quality evaluation of historical documents was done. Third, biographies of 40 people prepared by our historians were researched by biographic method which is used in sociology, and concluded by SPSS program.

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