Saturday, July 14, 2012

Volume 60. Number 1/2008

D. Bold-Erdene. Head of polilitical study sector, institute of philosophy, sociology and law of academy of sciences, ph.d, deputy professor. “The third political force in Mongolia”
The third significant political force will have reduced the process of concentration in political life if it can exist and serve and the right equality of elements will have formed. Also there will have been right surrounding for growing small parties which are become orderly. Consequently, it’s very important to investigate the reason of this issue, to have a view and orientation of the third force’s influence to political life, its participation and responsibility, and the way and opportunity for its forming.

Ts. Munkhtsetseg, Politician. “Mongolofied Parliament and unruly State Great Hural”
Mongolofied Parliament has a nonexistence right and doesn’t bear the responsibility. The Law of Deg adopted recently is an example for it. It’s difficult to name it Law, because the Resolution of Deg was adopted as a Law of Deg after changing its title. It can be a necessary legal document for forming Parliament’s principles if to attach importance to what. But it hasn’t been noticed by members of Parliament and Parties in Parliament and even by media’s workers.
Ch. Tamir, Tutor of the Department of Sociology, Mongolian National University: “Some questions for making alterations in the Law of Conducting Referendum”
Mongolia is a county with democratic electoral state. Therefore the issues of increasing citizens’ direct and active participation in the process of developing policy have been raised. The Law of Conducting Referendum had adopted in 1995 but it has never been used even in 1999-2000 when the Constitution has been amended. It might be commented for a lot of reasons.
Ch. Sosormaa, Master of Public Administration: “To secure the masses’ participation for developing policy and decision making on a ministry’s scale”
To investigate the masses’ participation for developing policy and decision making on ministries’ scale, to make a proposal for ways and means of its future improving.
A. Bolormaa-Master of Public Administration: “Transparency and publicity of the Government”
It has been considered that any activity of the Government has to been carried out with the participation and control of the citizens and civil society or publicly and it is the main feature of the democratic State. On the other hand, citizens have the full right to be informed about all questions which have been influenced to self-determination. Consequently, to provide the transparency and publicity of the Government for the practical realizing democratic principles and providing citizens right to get knowledge is the necessary and important issue of civil society.
Ts. Bujidmaa (Ph.D), Tutor of Liberty Institute: “Present situation and urgent issues of civil education”
After more than ten years since Mongolia has declared the development of humane and democratic society there are no policies to form a new standard of civil society’s citizen and its conceptions haven’t been determined. It is counteracting the results of democracy and in some way it’s leading to backward.
Since 90-s the international organizations: as UN Development Program, Open Society Forum. USA Asian Foundation, and Conrad Adenaur Fund and USA Republican Institute and also domestic nongovernmental organizations have been carrying out the activities related to civil education and most of them make a valuable contribution to a human right protection, democracy’s consolidation and to forming educated, responsible and active citizens.
But these activities according to civil education have been carried out without united program and the works for involving masses, improving effect and collaborating and joining governmental and nongovernmental organizations haven’t been done. Lately quite a lot of efforts had been put into training and advertising for voters’ education, human right, and legal education by but it hasn’t been institutionalized on content and structure and of what it has inconstant nature.
Therefore it’s very important to establish the stable and effective system with goals to popularize the civil social values to citizens, to suggest a responsibility for fulfilling civic duties to them and to form civilized attitudes.
U.Tuya (Ph.D), Head of Studies of Liberty Institute: “The way to convert into owned”
The issue of expert’s legal education has been considered through educational legislation studied in educationalists’ level which hasn’t been discussed before.
Ch. Unurbayar, LLM, The tutor of Law School, Mongolian National University: “From instituted law into civilian”
Almost half of mankind have insured their freedom, hope and belief, their destiny on civil society organizations based on a independent court and citizens’ voluntary participation to say nothing of educated leaders and graceful state officials. It might be said that they had waited a lot from them. After some period of time the minority of them had thrown into panic and had been become despairing, and the majority has considered that civil society active workers have been doing what which hadn’t been done by incapable Government. The tendency Has been noticed that Mongolia is inclined to the part where need be doubt, despair and disappointment. What are the causes of this situation? Are the poor, uneducated masses or rich, irresponsible politicians with their rights? Is the Mongolian mentality? Perhaps, have the institutions of civil society’s been working without spirit and potential? A lot of questions might be interrogated as regards this. Although as a “lawyer” I’ll consider this issue only on legal foundation.
N. Tuul - Tutor of the Liberty Institute: “The World Bank”
The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. It is not a bank in the common sense.
The World Bank is like a cooperative, where its 185 member countries are shareholders. The shareholders are represented by a Board of Governors, who are the ultimate policy makers at the World Bank. Generally, the governors are member countries' ministers of finance or ministers of development. They meet once a year at the Annual Meetings of the Boards of Governors of the World Bank Group and the International Monetary Fund.
Because the governors only meet annually, they delegate specific duties to 24 Executive Directors, who work on-site at the Bank. The five largest shareholders, France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States appoint an executive director, while other member countries are represented by 19 executive directors.

No comments:

Post a Comment