Saturday, July 7, 2012

Volume 41. Number 4/2002

The journal “Shine Toli” publishes for your attention PEA staff works and some translations from worldwide available publications.
Mr. B. Altansukh, PEA staff translated into Mongolian the Financial Monthly Review publication “The New Economy Paradigm: Myth and Reality” on the April volume 2002. It presents to Mongolian readers the terminology “New Economy” which used together with the term the Globalisation and has included impacts of the digital innovations in the technology and internet communication facility developments. The paper includes analysis of mitigation of the cyclical pattern of the economy and concludes that neither of the technological revolution with a productivity jump, nor the profit accumulation are the solution to a problem of overcoming adverse outcomes of the cycle. By the authors argument excessive accumulation of the production potentials and financial surpluses are the major causes of the crisis in the terms of the New Economy concepts.

Mr. M. Enkhbat, The branch manager of the PEA in Dundgobi aimag presents it translation into Mongolian the publication “The state of the development of European political parties at the entrance to the 21st century and its future trend”. This work argues that European political parties established due to the parliamentary structure of the governance and describes how the way divide them by their organisational structure together with the historic explanation of the definition of right and left side political parties. The paper brought to you overview of the changes in the political life in Europe in the late 20th century with the fall of the Berlin wall, and the collapse of the communist regime, led by USSR. It also touches ongoing changes among left wing parties and innovations in the politics of the social-democratic parties of the Europe. Interesting fact was presented in the paper, as how the ideas of Tony Blair and Gerhard Schroeder’s Manifest of the “Socia-Liberalism” became the core of the concept of the “new democracy”, “new labourite” and “new centre”. Further the article considers issues of the changes in the values of the right wing parties, fundamental rightists activities, and co-operations of the political parties within the European community.
Mr. S. Munkhsaikhan, teacher of the Darkhan Uul branch of the PEA: “Innovation theory and Asia”. The publication discusses interrelations between high level of economic development and sustained democracy. The author argues that Asia is the best example of the successful combination of the economic well being and democracy. He also describes pattern of the development of South East Asian countries as wave and stepwise pattern.
Mr. S. Munkhsaikhan also published his paper titled “Whether Asian democracy can go through Confucianist tradition or it will dissolve in it”. Singaporean leaders developed an idea that authoritarian regime based on Confucian tradition better fits Asian grounds where discipline is more preferable than western human right based organisation of the society. The author employed other researchers suggestion based on these countries high economic growth and political liberalisation, that there are may be some specific type of development strategy or path in South East Asian countries, which can fruitfully interact with the Asian type of production process, and requires extensive government involvement in the market functioning.
P. Narantsetseg, Ph.D. student of the PEA: “Globalisation and management pattern”. Author assumed that future state of the development and its trend depends upon Government’s and business decision makers will, academics and the management pattern achievements or result of co-operations. Hence it is required to improve Mongolian type of management pattern in an environment of globalisation. The paper discusses terminology of globalisation and describes specifics of the Mongolian type of management pattern and suggested possible ways to improve management pattern. As author suggested the improvement may be determined by the factors such as strategy, human factor, a state of the pattern, psychological and ethical factors.
A. Pagma, the PEA staff translated into Mongolian the article by Phillip K. Shmitter “A contradictions of the democracy and its challenge” published in the “Russian Journal”. The article devoted to the problems and contradictions generated in the transitional period after totalitarian regime and challenges facing democracy. For instance, democracy in some countries of South America, Eastern Europe, and Asia can be characterised as missing consolidation of democracy. Internal problems of the countries, newly entered in the democratic regime such as oligarchy, separation from politics, “policy in the circuit” problem, independent guidance, and interdependence are waiting for their solutions. There are also many external problems going through which asks to have clear line in the discipline. Article also touches danger of the using government power and authority to personal interest by those in the position at the different level of the government involvement in an economy.
Ts. Angarag, the PEA staff reports survey result analysis, conducted since 1994, by the PEA under the title “Issue of the democracy consolidation”. He pointed out that a change in the value of the democracy attracts an attention. The survey result shows that now people value more things like equality, human rights, freedom, independence, and autonomous, independent justice system. Generally people don’t favour or valued less than before things like competition, free press, parliamentary governance and many party system. Writer also expressed his opinion how avoid non-consolidated democracy.
Mr. B. Altansukh, the PEA staff, translated article “Does history began again?” by Francis Fukuyama published in the “National Interest”. The article brought to your attention an idea of the collapse of the believe, that Americans and social value of America revealed in the democracy, human rights, freedom, legally governed discipline and wealth of the national based on the economic freedom, are became a goal of the civilisation and American society attracts multicultural people, after September 11 terrorist attack. The author defined culture as the combination of the religious believes, social custom, and tradition. So, therefore, any of the societies are very reluctant in changing traditional values which goes deep in historic roots. Hence, it could be too naive to expect wide acceptance of the American culture since it uses active propaganda of its superiority. In addition to that, the article discusses what makes different an Islamic world from others and came to the conclusion that the religion guided policy may push people to the ever ending conflicts. At the end writer concludes the conflict between western liberal democracy and conservative Islamic approach is not a conflict between cultural worlds.

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