Tuesday, May 22, 2012

Volume 39. Number 2/2002

B. Punsaldulam. Short historic records of the national revolution of 1911
Three important revolutions took place in Mongolia in 20th century. The very first of those was the National Independence Revolution in 1911. As a result of this revolution Mongolia’s independence re-established and its sovereignty announced in modern world.
This article will discuss and review researches of Mongolian scientists on the matter of the historic progress of the revolution 1911, its mission, specifics, steps, result and importance.

F. Fukuyama: "Me or society"

The article addresses questions. What kind of future expected for the liberal democratic society? Can liberal democracy sustain in the future? Whether it possible that democracy will dominate in politics of those countries currently have authoritarian structure?

The globalisation facilitates liberal democracy in every dimension. Global economy requires first of all to set-up institutional structure that provides efficient functioning of the market as well as politics evaluation frame. Foreign investors are watching on a political openness, property and human rights consistency.

Special observation from Asian recent crises is that globalisation is instable and not reliable as a development engine. Future has to be conditional on the directions of the world economic development. The globalisation is already irreversible and whether it distracting or supporting factor of development will depend on the pace of economic growth.

D. Zagdjav: Political participation of citizens and its change in Mongolia

The author highlights specifics of development of the political participation by citizens of Mongolia in each certain period of politics. The participation before 1990s can be characterised as an inactive and has a purpose to support state policy by that time, took a form of public celebration with ideological attributes. This type of participation largely shaped by the restriction or absence of the freedom of public demonstration; establish a party, of speech, to express an opinion and of election.

The democratic movements, in late 80's and early 90's, opened wide opportunity for the development of the individuals' democratic political participation in classical definition. At the beginning of the change non-conventional participation forms were dominated, based on the exploitive political activities of the public. In contrast, today's developments of the political participation of the citizens' have more interesting features.

The author presents detailed explanation of the facing problems, which determines directions of the development of the participations, derived from the most sharp and odd confrontations of the society in Mongolia.

D. Bold-Erdene. Party study: specific, study objectives and methodology

A demarcation and differentiation of the scientific knowledge results formation of the relatively independent branch in political science named a Party Study. The Party Study included in the general political theory as an special theory and studies parties, as a specific institution of the today’s politics, in relevance to the many party political structure.

More politicians pay attention to the theoretical aspects of the Party Study, today. This increased popularity based on the connection of the party and its issue to many important theoretical and practical issues of a democratic society. Therefore, review of the objective, research methodology, its structure and specific has an enormous practical importance.

S. Henri. The Dialectic Analysis of an Interrelation Between a Formal and Informal Economy
The discussions on informal economy among economists emerged in economics sciences from a beginning of the 70’s. The informal economy cited in association with the hidden economy, black economy, unregistered economy and criminal economy.

In the beginning vast majority of the discussion held in connection with the “third world” and low developed countries in the Asia. But, the importance of the problem is growing in developed countries as well. So, there is one of many researches done by US sociologist S Henri on the matter of interrelations between formal and informal economy.

Thus, in reality an economy exists not in single solid form but it consists of the formal and informal economy.

N. Otgonchimeg: The substance of the legal reception and its development

The author is the lecturer of the "Suld" college of law, special award winner of the university, college lecturers' conference "Eureka". The publication discusses interrelations among different countries legal structure and evidences of the transfer of legal provision from one to another country. She explains that the evidence of taking another country's elements of law and adopting it consistently into the legal structure of one country is named as reception in the academic literature of law.

The publication describes as inherits of law, transformation and direct adaptation are three main form of legal reception. Moreover, there is a comparative analysis of the legal reception’s impact into the sub-branches of law.

B. Bayasgalan: Comparative picture of the Development indicators

Although, development strategies in different countries diversify in many directions, the presentation emphasizes on common trends in the process on formulating a development policy and analysis of the system of key factors. One of the basic conditions for successful implementation of the development policy is that the factors for development such as politics, economic policy, education, innovations and human capital, are required to be considered in theirs interrelations. This will, also, helps to explain development issues at the new analytical level and to reveal their relations more fully.

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